Nonwovens Innovation & Research Institute - Facilities
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Facilities

Research and development at NIRI is supported by comprehensively equipped laboratories. Some of the facilities are listed below.

Pilot plant and prototyping

Fibre opening and blending

Fibre extraction and pulling plant

Carding (parallel-laid)

Carding (cross-laid)

Vertical lapping

Air-laid

Electrospinning (fibrous webs)

Force spinning

Meltblown

Wetlaid

Hydroentanglement (7 injectors up to 180 bar)

Needlepunching (flat and structured)

Thermal bonding: calender (smooth and point bonding)

Thermal bonding: through-air

Chemical bonding (various impregnation methods including foam)

Drying and curing

Hot melt

Laminating

Coating

Vacuum bagging (composites)

Nano-particle deposition

Plasma treatment

Flocking

Spray application

Foulard application
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Testing and characterisation

Standard textile testing facilities for fibres, yarns and fabrics in accordance with BS, ISO, ASTM and IST

Microscopy

Fibre dimensions (length, diameter distribution, crimp, cross-sectional shape) and surface analysis

Contact angle, surface tension and wetting

Fabric dimensions

Frictional properties

Tensile testing

Burst testing

Tear testing

Compression testing

Delamination testing

Pilling

Dimensional stability

Handle testing (Kawabata)

Crease recovery

Drape

Porometry

Image analysis (pore structure, fibre orientation, structural characterisation)

Liquid transport, wicking and absorbency

Moisture vapour transmission

Air permeability

Flushability

Thermal resistance and conductivity

Sweating guarded hotplate

Abrasion resistance

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

Thermogravimetric analysis

Differential scanning calorimetry

X-ray microtomography

Ultraviolet / visible / near infrared spectrophotometry

Spectraflash colour spectrophotometry

Scanning electron microscopy (including environmental and field emission gun)
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